How to Fix Nginx Error 413 Request Entity Too Large


Nginx Error 413 - Request Entity Too LargeI'm a PHP web developer, so it's very common to have issues with LEMP stack. This time I want to share my experience on Nginx error code 413 - Request Entity Too Large.

Just as you might have guessed, the error message itself is pretty clear: we've sent a request which size is too large than the server has been configured with. By default, Nginx will allow maximum size 1 MiB of request.

To fix this issue, there are two configuration files need to be updated:

  • Nginx

Nginx Configuration

On Nginx, the client_max_body_size directive assigns the maximum accepted body size of client request and specify the line Content-Length in the header of request. If the size is greater the given one then the client get the error "Request Entity Too Large".

We will update our main Nginx configuration file nginx.conf. On Ubuntu or any Ubuntu based distribution, the file located at /etc/nginx/nginx.conf. If you have other distribution, you can check /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf or /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf

You can edit the file using any of your favorite editor. I'll use vi as an example.

$ sudo vi /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

Add this line to your prefered context. In this example, I put it globally.

http {
    # ...omitted
    # set maximum client body size to 10M
    client_max_body_size 10M;
    # ...omitted

You can set the context where you want the configuration to take effect:

  • http to set it globally
  • server to set it at related host
  • location to set it at specific URI

Save the configuration file and exit. Next step is reload nginx service. On your shell, type this command:

$ sudo service nginx reload

On other distribution, you could try:

$ sudo /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload


$ /sbin/nginx -s reload

PHP Configuration

On Ubuntu based PHP-FPM configuration file, by default it has these limitations:

  • post_max_size = 8M
  • upload_max_filesize = 2M

We'll need to update those limitations. Open your php.ini configuration file. In my case, it's on /etc/php/7.2/fpm/php.ini

$ sudo vi /etc/php/7.2/fpm/php.ini

Update those lines:

  • post_max_size = 10M
  • upload_max_filesize = 10M

Save the file and then reload PHP-FPM.

$ sudo service php7.2-fpm reload

Final Words

I hope that you now know how to fix Nginx error 413 - Request Entity Too Large on Linux. If you run into any issues or have any feedback feel free to drop a comment below.


0 comment

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *